pictures” Norwegian People’s Aid Somalia Programme: Recovery and Development initiatives in the Regions of Sool, Sanaag and Cayn
NPA” has been involved in the complex political emergency in Somalia since 1994; Facilitating provision of humanitarian and development assistance primarily in Sool and Sanaag Regions (and later in Mudug Region) in northern Somalia. NPA’s interventions in Somalia comprise a good mix of vital service delivery as a response to the humanitarian emergency situation as well as a number of recovery and development initiatives, which have enabled communities in these regions cope with the humanitarian crisis in the country.
Sool and Sanaag Regions are mainly inhabited by pastoralists with huge herds of livestock, mainly camels, goats and sheep, and besides Sudan Somalia has the highest number of pastoralists in Africa. Livestock is also the backbone of the Somali economy in addition to remittances from the Diaspora and black economic activity like khat trade.
In this year’s (2012) programme Drought Emergency & Livelihoods Recovery is mainly _
Focused on rehabilitation of water sources: Shallow wells, deep wells and dams for surface water collection: birkads and ballis. In addition there are awareness raising interventions on issues related to health, hygiene and sanitation; and non food assistance to IDPs inside Las Anod city as well as enabling the young adults (women) IDPs learn skills. .
This project was made available through the generous funding support from the Royal Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA). In Somalia, NPA implements all her projects in partnership with local organisations, the long standing partners i.e. Steadfast Voluntary Organisation (SVO) and Hanaqaad Umbrella Women’s Organization (HANAQAAD) and the Social Relief Organisation (SRO) as well as Galkayo Education Centre for Peace and Development (GECPD).
NPA has completed in 2011 a hydro geological/geophysical survey of five different sites which are located in the migrating routes of the nomads in search of water and grazing areas.
The annual rainfall in the general area is approximately 100 – 200mm/year. In all the investigated areas, water is obtained from berkads (man-made swimming pool like construction), which is used to harvest the rain water. There are no existing boreholes in any of these areas except Sarmanyo where a borehole was drilled in some years back but the yield was found to be too low, leading to abandonment. Since there are no existing
Boreholes in all these areas communities here depend on water from berkads. When these run dry, people have to depend on water trucking from other places or relocate altogether.
So far NPA has completed successfully to drill three deep bore holes in Ceegaag, Fallidhyaale and Sarmanyo. The other two sites Shululux and Kulaal are in progress and will be completed before the end of 2012.
Shululux is a village that lies around 40 kms west of Yigoori and located north by road from the other town Widhwidh. It has a Wadi (dry river) a valley or ravine, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season becomes a watercourse. The town is surrounded by hills.
The communities in these regions have appreciated the work of NPA which complements their communal activities in developing their regions.